Types of traumatic brain injuries: Which one do you have?

| Nov 20, 2018 | Brain Injuries |

The brain is the most important organ in the human body. At the same time, it’s the one organ we don’t completely understand. Doctors can replace your heart; they can replace your kidneys; and they can even replace your lungs. However, if something happens to your brain, you could be out of luck.

Even though the best medicine for a traumatic brain injury (TBI) tends to be lots of rest and time, doctors have spent a lot of time studying this condition, and a host of medical treatments and therapies can be of great benefit. Doctors have also created the following classifications to describe TBI:

Concussion: The most common variety of TBI is a concussion. These happen when the head suffers a direct blow — such as during a sports-related accident, a car accident or a fall. Essentially, the brain gets jostled, bruised and mildly damaged in a concussion. Victims can lose consciousness, suffer from dizziness or have a foggy mental state. In the case of a severe concussion, victims can have permanent damage, but, in most cases, a concussion will heal on its own with rest.

Contusion: A contusion happens after a direct blow to the head that results in trauma. However, a contusion is more serious because it results in localized bleeding of the brain. If a clot forms, a contusion can quickly become deadly. Therefore, in serious cases, doctors may order a surgical procedure to remove the contusion.

Diffuse axonal injury: Diffuse axonal injuries happen when the brain and body endure severe rotational and shaking forces. These forces can result in the tearing of brain structures when the brain rubs against the skull. The symptoms and permanence of injuries that result from a diffuse axonal injury depend on which parts of the brain are affected. Sometimes, babies and children suffer from diffuse axonal injury after being shaken or abused.

Penetration injury: A penetration TBI happens when an object pierces the skin and skull and enters the brain. Such injuries may damage the brain structures in different ways. Symptoms and the permanence of the injuries depend on which parts of the brain the incident damages.

Are you suffering from a severe traumatic brain injury? Do you have permanent injuries or disabilities that require expensive, long-term treatment and care? You might want to investigate the details relating to how the injury happened because, in some cases — when an at-fault party is to blame for the injuries — victims can pursue financial restitution and justice in court.